Error in search option with some characters in serverside.

Error in search option with some characters in serverside.

fosfikfosfik Posts: 5Questions: 2Answers: 0

Error appears when I use some chars like ś, ą, ć, ł in search box.
My database (MySQL) is fully utf8mb4 for charset or collation.
Without this chars all works great.

I was trying several ways to remove errors in: globalSearch.push(column["db"] + " LIKE '%" + searchStr + "%'");
and with searchStr.

Error what I get when use : globalSearch.push(column["db"] + " LIKE '%" + searchStr + "%'");

Error: Error: ER_CANT_AGGREGATE_NCOLLATIONS: Illegal mix of collations for operation 'like'

And Error when use: globalSearch.push(column["db"] + " COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci LIKE '%" + searchStr + "%'");

Error: Error: ER_COLLATION_CHARSET_MISMATCH: COLLATION 'utf8mb4_unicode_ci' is not valid for CHARACTER SET 'latin1'

So it looks like my characters like ś, ą, ć etc is latin1... but why? And where I can convert it to utf8?

This is my controller for nodejs app:

const { decode } = require("urlencode");

class NodeTable {
  constructor(request, db, table, primaryKey, columns) {
    this.request = request;
    this.db = db;
    this.table = table;
    this.primaryKey = primaryKey;
    this.columns = columns;
  }

  limit() {
    let limit = "";
    if ((this.request.start != "") & (this.request.length != "")) {
      limit =
        " LIMIT " +
        parseInt(this.request.start) +
        ", " +
        parseInt(this.request.length);
    }

    return limit;
  }

  order() {
    let order = "";
    var orderBy = [];

    if (this.request.order.length > 0) {
      let dtColumns = NodeTable.pluck(this.columns, "dt");
      this.request.order.forEach((element, index) => {
        // Convert the column index into the column data property
        let columnIdx = parseInt(this.request.order[index]["column"]);

        let requestColumn = this.request.columns[columnIdx];

        columnIdx = dtColumns[requestColumn["data"]];

        let column = this.columns[columnIdx];

        if (requestColumn["orderable"] == "true") {
          let dir =
            this.request["order"][index]["dir"] === "asc" ? "ASC" : "DESC";

          orderBy.push(column["db"] + " " + dir);
        }
      });

      if (orderBy.length > 0) {
        order += " ORDER BY " + orderBy.join(", ");
      }
    }
    return order;
  }

  filter() {
    let globalSearch = [];

    let dtColumns = NodeTable.pluck(this.columns, "dt");

    if (this.request.search != "" && this.request.search.value != "") {
      const searchStr1 = this.request.search["value"];
      //const searchStr = Buffer.from(searchStr1, 'utf8').toString();
      //const searchStr = searchStr1.toString()
      //const searchStr = JSON.parse( JSON.stringify(searchStr1));
      const searchStr = decodeURIComponent(searchStr1);

      // Get columns search 
      this.request.columns.forEach((ele, index) => {
        let requestColumn = this.request.columns[index];

        let columnIdx = dtColumns[requestColumn["data"]];

        let column = this.columns[columnIdx];

        if (requestColumn.searchable == "true") {
          //globalSearch.push(column["db"] + " COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci LIKE '%" + searchStr + "%'");
          globalSearch.push(column["db"] + " LIKE '%" + searchStr + "%'");
        }
      });
    }

  
    // Combine the filters in the single string
    let where = "";
    if (globalSearch.length > 0) {
      where = "(" + globalSearch.join(" OR ") + ")";
    }

    if (where !== "") {
      where = " WHERE " + where;
    }
    return where;
  }


  buildQuery () {
    // Build SQL query string from the request
    const limit = this.limit();
    const order = this.order();
    const where = this.filter();

    // Check if table is table name or SQL query
    if (NodeTable.isValidSQL(this.table)) {
      // It is a custom SQL query so make it a subquery by wrapping it arround ()temp
      this.table = `(${this.table})temp`
    }

    return `SELECT ${NodeTable.pluck(this.columns, "db").join(", ")} FROM ${this.table} ${where} ${order} ${limit}`;
  }

  /**
   * Perform the SQL queries needed for server-side processing requested,
   * utilizing the helper functions of this class, limit(), order() and
   * filter() among others. The returned array is ready to be encoded as JSON
   * in response to an SSP request, or can be modified if needed before
   * sending back to the client.
   * @param callback - a callback function which is called at the end. It accepts two params
   * err - An error, data - the generated data which is expected by the Datatable
   */
  output(callback) {
    
    const queryString = this.buildQuery()
    
    this.db.query(queryString, (err, results, fields) => {
      if (err) {
        // Let the client handle the error
        callback(new Error(err), null)
      }
      
      let where = this.filter()

      // Count the filtered records
      this.db.query(
        `SELECT COUNT(${this.primaryKey}) AS filtered FROM ${this.table} ${ where }`,
        (err, records, cols) => {

            if (err) {
                // Let the client handle the error
                callback(new Error(err), null)
                return;
            }

          const filteredRecords = records[0]["filtered"];

          // Count total records
          this.db.query(
            `SELECT COUNT(${this.primaryKey}) AS total FROM ${this.table}`,
            (err, resultCount, columns) => {
              if (err) {
                callback(new Error(err), null)
                return;
              }

              let totalRecords = resultCount[0]["total"];

              let output = {
                draw: this.request["draw"] != "" ? this.request["draw"] : 0,
                recordsTotal: totalRecords,
                recordsFiltered: filteredRecords,
                data: NodeTable.mapData(this.columns, results)
              };
              
              // excute the callback
              if (typeof callback === 'function') {
                callback(null, output)
              }
              else {
                throw new Error('Provide a callable function!')
              }
            }
          );
        }
      );
    });
  }

  static mapData(columns, data) {
    let out = [];

    data.forEach((ele, index) => {
      let row = new Object();

      columns.forEach((column, i) => {
        row[column["dt"]] = data[index][column["db"]];
      });

      out.push(row);
    });

    return out;
  }

  static pluck(dataArray, prop) {
    let out = [];

    dataArray.forEach((element, index) => {
      out.push(dataArray[index][prop]);
    });

    return out;
  }

  static isValidSQL (query) {
    const arr = query.toString().split(' ');

    if (arr.length > 1 || arr.includes("SELECT") || arr.includes("select") ) {
      return true
    }

    return false
  }
}

module.exports = NodeTable;

Node js functions:

dataTableControler: (req, res) => {
        
        const requestQuery = req.query;
        const ssn = req.session;
        let columnsMap = [
            {          }


          ];
        
          // our database table name
          //const tableName = "messages"  
          // NodeTable requires table's primary key to work properly
          const primaryKey = "id"       
          let query = [ 
          ``
        ];
          
          const nodeTable = new NodeTable(requestQuery, db, query, primaryKey, columnsMap);
         
          nodeTable.output((err, data)=>{
            if (err) {    
              console.log(err); 
              return; 
            }      
            //console.log("data: ",data);
            // Directly send this data as output to Datatable
            res.send(data)
          })
    },

This question has an accepted answers - jump to answer

Answers

  • rf1234rf1234 Posts: 2,802Questions: 85Answers: 406
    Answer ✓

    Without really looking too much into it I can share my experience with German special characters (ä, ü, ö, ß etc.). I use this in a view that I created to enable server side searching:

    CREATE VIEW `ctr_search_german` AS
    SELECT  a.id             AS ctr_id,
            CONVERT(
            CONCAT_WS ( SPACE(1), 
            b.name_purpose_string, 
            b.original_end_date_german,
            b.last_termination_date_german,
            a.description,
            a.comments,
            b.annual_cost_income_german_short,
            a.parsed_contents ) USING utf8mb4) COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci   AS global_search_field
    FROM    ctr a
    INNER JOIN ctr_searchable b ON a.id = b.ctr_id
    

    So I use

    ....
    CONVERT( CONCAT_WS (...) USING utf8mb4 ) COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci
    
  • fosfikfosfik Posts: 5Questions: 2Answers: 0

    Thats rly good idea, I will try that and let know if it helps

  • fosfikfosfik Posts: 5Questions: 2Answers: 0
    edited January 2022

    It works! I know this not solve the main problem with charset but its great to make a working solution around it :)
    thx @rf1234

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